So you decided to buy land and build a home yourself. You dream of a valley, water from a natural spring, a small wood with old Oaks. But there are also some practical things to consider if you plan to build in a remote setting.
Beyond the end of the pavement and the web of water, sewer and electrical lines, land is significantly less expensive. That lower land cost is offset by the cost of utilities. It’s important idea to understand your utility needs before signing a land purchase agreement.
Water and Septic
Water and sewer present as much of a challenge as electricity. Many remote homes are served by wells and septic systems. Many are not . While this isn’t always a problem, it’s a good idea to understand issues that might arise. Contact a local well driller and septic installer to discuss your specific building site. Well costs are based on the depth of the well and whether water quality calls for additional treatment, such as softeners or filters. In many areas, water availability is predictable enough that a local driller can estimate a cost just by knowing a well’s approximate location. In some places however, local geological conditions may make water unpredictable. Because well costs can vary from hundreds to tens of thousands of dollars, it’s important to know what to expect.
Soil conditions affect septic system design and can also affect cost. For example, a basic gravity-feed type of septic system often costs less than $10,000. Drip irrigation or mound-type systems usually cost $20,000 or more. Local health and building codes will determine the type system your site will require, and local health officials can provide information about that system. Local licensed septic installers can provide cost information and offer suggestions for locating your system and siting your house that can save thousands of dollars in construction costs.
Electrical service is more complicated than well or septic. If you don’t have service, ask for an estimated cost of installation. If the cost is more than $20,000 (not as rare as you might think), get quotes from several solar photovoltaic-wind installers. While costs of solar electricity generally are higher than traditional grid-provided electricity, the cost difference is shrinking. Depending on your circumstance, it may actually be the most affordable alternative.
If possible, have electricity available at your site when construction starts. While it’s possible to build a house with electricity provided by a generator, builders usually charge for this. Generator charges can run thousands of dollars for a lengthy project. If you know that your project will be built mainly using a generator, make sure the builder knows this beforehand and ask the builder to include a fixed generator cost in the construction contract. This provision can provide additional incentive to finish on or ahead of schedule. A solar array won’t even begin to handle the power demands of the tools required for construction.
Cost of Materials
In a construction project, lost time equals lost money. A remote building site means a long trip to town or a long wait for delivery when supplies run short. And delivery generally isn’t free. A more complete materials package from your log provider means less time spent calculating material needs, fewer trips to town and faster construction. Even the most complete materials package won’t include everything you’ll need. Estimating construction materials requires detailed construction knowledge. Try to find a builder or contractor who has experience with your provider’s package. This experience should result in a more accurate estimate of additional materials.
Stockpiling materials at your job site means having storage available that is secure from weather, animals and late-night “bargain shoppers.” One solution is to rent a large trailer. If your project involves a garage or utility building, consider constructing it first. Rental firms that specialize in construction equipment can supply a trailer or direct you to a provider.
Building in the boonies requires a good project manager or general contractor. Orchestrating any kind of a construction project requires skill and experience. In remote areas, organization becomes even more important. Delivery delays, construction questions and unreliable workers require immediate attention. What adds days to an ordinary construction project can add weeks in a remote setting, while snow and rain wreak havoc with work already done.
If you are hiring a builder or general contractor, management will be part of the contract. When interviewing potential contractors, ask about their experience building in remote settings and check references carefully. If you plan to manage your own project, consider hiring a supervisor or project manager who can handle day-to-day activities. Finally, make sure construction contracts address delivery costs and time delays.
If you have neighbors with their own construction projects, consider joining forces to get group rates. You can find people using our free service – www.landbuddy.com.
Delivery costs for materials and pick-up and drop-off charges for heavy equipment add a substantial amount to a construction contract. Sharing leaves money in your pocket. Wells, septic systems and foundations make especially good candidates for group rates. If your projects require a large crane and you can coordinate construction carefully, your savings can range from hundreds to thousands of dollars. Also, contractors may offer better rates if they know their crew will be employed for several projects.
Be sure to check references carefully for travelling crews. With less likelihood of additional work in an area, some people are less concerned about quality and reputation. In addition, warranty issues or callbacks are harder to resolve when your crew is not from the immediate area. The best references will come from people who, like you, built their home in an area away from the crew’s home base. Ask about their work ethic and how much time they spent on site. Did they put in five-day or long four-day weeks? Did the job progress quickly? How often was their site idle?
Building in paradise can seem like a daunting task. Planning and organization is even more important than for routine construction. But by considering your circumstances carefully, checking references thoroughly and anticipating potential problems, you can avoid many of the pitfalls that can bite you in the budget.
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