Even in a chain of islands whose residents have been known for their odd manners and general aversion to conformity, No Name Key has always stood out. Or rather it has tried not stand out. The residents of the island prefer anonymity to celebrity, and want to stay that way. But huge interest in properties on the island and its bigger neighbor, Big Pine Key, is giving them a headache.
No Name Key has lovely waterfront homes but no electricity. Residents have fought for years to keep their refuge off the grid. Now the rocketing price of properties on the neighboring island has led developers and City types to No Name, and the newbies want to change it, reports the Miami Herald.
“The locals who have been here for 30 years are moving out because they can no longer afford to pay the property taxes,” said one resident.
In 1968 there were about 500 people on Big Pine and No Name Keys — the two primary Keys where the majority of the tiny indigenous deer population is found. Today there’s about 5,000.
The local deer population is under threat from human growth. “Big Pine and No Name Key are the main emphasis of the herd, because they’re the only significant Keys that have standing fresh water on it. And while the deer can withstand brackish water, certainly they prefer fresh water, ” says Kevin Pierce of Florida Environment.
The problem starts on Big Pine Key. Nestled between Marathon and Key West, Big Pine, one of the widest islands in the Keys, has long been the haunt of hippies, fishermen, dope smugglers, equestrians, the working class and those choosing to forgo convention.
”You can come in here with a foot-long beard and nobody looks at you or anything. You can come in here with any kind of clothes as long as you have clothes on,” said Capt. Dan McLaughlin, owner of the Key Deer Bar & Grill, named after the federally protected white-tailed critter that darts through this island’s back streets. “They are eccentric, and they have got their own ways, and you are not going to change them.”
But as development pressure ratchets up throughout the Keys, prompting some local and county officials to call for an end to a strict, 14-year-old state-imposed building curb, the Keys’ last vestige of mass eccentricity is being forced to confront change.
”They want to make it into a tourist trap,” sighs Vernon Siegel, who makes his living snaring tropical fish and has lived on Big Pine for 30 years. “It’s always been more laid back here. Key West, that’s going to the city.”
Large retailers like Publix and Walgreens have also been eying the island in recent months, sending some locals into a panic. Other residents have already sold out, unloading homes purchased decades ago but which now carry a heavy tax burden.
”From a sleepy little fishing village, it’s become a vacation mecca,” crowed Big Pine real estate broker Morgan Hill of Exit Realty. “What we are seeing happen is that the equity is growing so quickly that they feel they have no choice but to liquidate and go somewhere else.”
The average listing price for a nonwaterfront, single-family home on Big Pine is now $475,000; the average price for a waterfront home: about $750,000.
”It’s more of a rural community, less hustle and bustle, and that’s certainly very appealing to some people,” Hill said.
The island was home to a shark-oil plant that closed in 1931 and is one of the few places in the Keys with fresh water.
For some of those who have held on, the luster may have worn a bit.
”For one thing, the traffic is nonstop,” Siegel said. “Used to be in the summer you could just about sleep on that highway.”
And yet those who have lived and worked here for years wouldn’t dream of abandoning the Key they call home.
”It’s the last frontier. It’s the last place in the Keys that’s pretty untouched,” said Jay Hover, a fishmonger at Winn Dixie, the only major supermarket within 20 miles.
Locals congregate at a local health store that touts chocolate and banana soy smoothies; at the members-only Moose Lodge near Key Deer Boulevard, or at the Vineyard Christian Fellowship, a nondenominational church that dishes out barbecue pork on Wednesdays.
On an island where for many years time seemed to stop, an influx of new out-of-towners has caused a bit of a stir.
”Most of the trouble seems to be in the people from Michigan,” offered bar owner McLaughlin. “The Michigan people are downright nasty. They make good money at home, they come down here, and they don’t treat the servers and bartenders right.”
A drive down Big Pine’s back roads, towards the bayside, offers a glimpse of a world far removed from U.S. 1 and the rest of the island’s coral-rock cousins. Side streets quickly devolve into dirt roads, horses kept at a tucked-away stable canter through brush.
Big Pine’s distinct local flavor has earned its residents a special moniker in the Keys.
”Numerous people on Big Pine are members of Sombrero Country Club in Marathon so there is a degree of sophistication among some of the Big Piners,” George Neugent, a Monroe County commissioner whose district includes the island, said. “We refer to them at the country club as Piners. There is a degree of pride that goes along with that.”
Cantankerous Piners are found in abundance on Bigpinekey.com, a local website that heralds spaghetti fundraisers, church socials, used items and a Kudos and Whiners gossip column that may be the most popular read here after the Sheriff’s Office booking website.
One of Big Pine’s best known residents is the diminutive deer, whose protected status lowered local speed limits and curtailed construction.
County and federal wildlife officials recently completed a Habitat Conservation Plan aimed at earmarking additional property on the island for conservation while easing building curbs to allow for 10 new residential building projects annually and some additional commercial development. The plan is now under review by the state, which regulates growth in the Keys.
”There will be development, but it will be very limited in comparison to the development that takes place throughout the rest of Monroe County,” Neugent said.
Among those who still worry is Kent Tyler, proprietor of the Bait Shack, which touts the ”The World’s Largest Shrimp” — an 18-foot pink metal crustacean that beckons to motorists atop a car parked along U.S. 1. With rents skyrocketing, Tyler and other small business owners on this island, and the rest of the Keys, are having difficulty keeping employees.
”Rent is $1,500 a month for one person,” he said. “It’s pretty hard to make it when that’s all you bring in. And the locals who have been here for 30 years are moving out because they can no longer afford to pay the property taxes.”
Among the more requested items in Tyler’s store is a T-shirt that some might argue sums up the island’s loopy appeal:
“Big Pine Key: A quaint little drinking village with a fishing problem.”
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